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Malaria treatment

Description
Malaria is caused by a parasite most commonly transmitted by mosquitos. Typically patients with malaria present with severe flu-like symptoms, although symptoms will vary slightly depending on the species of parasite. Malaria can be life-threatening, it is most prevalent in underdevloped countries and predominantly effects children.
Causes
Malaria is caused by one of four different species of parasites from the genus Plasmodium. An individual obtains this parasite after being bitten by an Anopheles mosquito. There have also been cases reported in which transmission through blood transfusion and infected needles has occurred. In addition transplacental infection has been documented.
Prevention
Chloroquine is used for prophylaxis (it is however not always effective). There are also preventative measures when in areas that are of high risk for malarial infections such as wearing clothes over the entire body, using mosquito nets while sleeping, using insecticides and satying in doors between dusk and dawn.
Common Symptoms
The primary symptoms of malaria are chills and fever. There is a cycle that occurs: uncontrolable shaking (chill) for 10-15 minutes, followed by a spike in temperature up to 40˚C, and finally when the fever breaks (2-20 horus later) there is a period of profuse sweating. This cycle continues at regular intervals (depending on the species). Other symptoms may include severe hedache, fatigue, nausea View more...
Rare Symptoms
Long term infection with a malarial organism may lead to damage to the liver or spleen causing splenomegaly, jaundice and liver complications.
Traditional Treatment
Chloroquine, Quinine, Tetracyclin, Clindamycin, Mefloquin, Primaquine, Sulfadoxone/ Pyrimethamine. Depending on the severity of the case patients may also need IV fluids, red blood cell transfusions, and kidney dialysis.
Alternative Treatment
Halofantrine and Qiinghaosu (a chinese herb).
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Research and Development
Currently researchers are trying to develop a vaccine for malaria. Researchers are having some difficutly due to the complex life cycle of malaria.
Malaria Treatments
(Shown in order of most frequently rated)
24 Drugs
12 Supplements
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